Muscle atrophy is a condition when muscle tissue shrinks or shrinks. This condition generally occurs when the muscle has not been moved for a long time, for example due to a nervous breakdown that causes paralysis. To treat muscle atrophy, it is necessary to know the type of muscle atrophy that occurs and what causes it
When there is muscle atrophy, body shape may change, for example one area of the body becomes more concave because the muscles shrink; or appear asymmetrical, for example one arm or leg appears smaller than the other arm or leg.
Types of Muscle Atrophy
Based on the cause, muscle atrophy can be divided into 3 types, namely:
Physiological muscle atrophy
This type of muscle atrophy is commonly experienced by people with low levels of physical activity. For example, too long sitting or lying down and rarely exercising. Due to lack of physical activity, the muscles of the body are used less and less. This can make muscle tissue shrink and atrophy.
Physiological muscle atrophy can also occur in people who are undergoing long-term hospitalization, for example as a result of paralysis or coma.
Neurogenic muscle atrophy
Neurogenic type of muscle atrophy is caused by injury or disturbance to the nerves that move the muscles. When a muscle nerve is damaged, the muscle does not move because it is not stimulated by the nerve. This makes muscle tissue shrink and causes muscle atrophy.
There are several types of diseases that can trigger neurogenic muscle atrophy, including:
- Cerebral palsy or cerebral palsy
- Spinal cord injury
- Carpal tunnel syndrome
- Motor nerve disease
Pathological muscle atrophy
Pathological muscle atrophy is a type of muscle atrophy caused by certain diseases or medical conditions that prevent the body from forming muscle tissue. Pathological muscle atrophy can be caused by:
Malnutrition or malnutrition can make the body lack protein and calories, so that the body cannot produce muscle tissue. This can cause muscle mass to decrease drastically and lead to muscle atrophy.
2. Cushing’s syndrome
In Cushing’s syndrome, the levels of glucocorticoid hormones in the body increase. This increase in hormones can cause fat tissue to accumulate, while muscle tissue shrinks so that over time muscle atrophy occurs. Cushing’s syndrome often occurs in people who take long-term corticosteroid medications.
Muscle atrophy can occur in patients with advanced cancer. This condition is also known as cachexia. Apart from the impact of cancer itself, cancer treatments such as chemotherapy and radiation therapy can also cause side effects in the form of muscle tissue wasting or muscle atrophy.
4. Muscle contractures
Muscle contractures occur when muscle tissue is replaced by stiff scar tissue. This makes it difficult or immobilized, and eventually muscle atrophy occurs. Muscle contractures usually result from injury, extensive burns, or long-term paralysis.
5. Autoimmune disorders
Damage to muscles due to inflammation or autoimmune disease can cause muscle tissue to shrink in size. Several types of autoimmune diseases that can cause muscle atrophy are autoimmune myositis and rheumatoid arthritis.
Symptoms and How to Overcome Muscle Atrophy
Muscle atrophy can cause different symptoms for each person, depending on the cause and the severity of the muscle atrophy being experienced. However, people with muscle atrophy usually experience the following symptoms:
- One or more parts of the body are weakened
- Limbs, such as hands or feet, appear smaller than others
- Difficulty doing activities, such as walking, sitting, swallowing, or grasping things
If you experience muscle atrophy, especially if you already experience some of the symptoms above, you should immediately see a doctor for an examination and get the right treatment. or you can also consume CBD Oil, a study shows consuming CBD Oil can reduce muscle disorders by 20-50%. To treat muscle atrophy, there are several treatments that doctors can do, including:
People who experience muscle atrophy but are still able to move as usual are advised to do more physical activity or exercise regularly. This aims to restore muscle tissue that has decreased mass and becomes weak due to lack of movement. With regular exercise, muscle tissue will rebuild and muscle atrophy will be resolved.
Physical rehabilitation or physiotherapy aims to restore the muscle mass lost due to muscle atrophy. Physiotherapy is usually performed to treat severe muscle atrophy or that is caused by certain diseases, such as stroke, paralysis, neurological disorders, and cancer.